Struktur Komunitas Dermaptera Predator Pada Tanaman Kelapa Sawit

Siska Efendi, Rahmi Setiawati, Dede Suhendra, Awaluddin Awaluddin

Abstract


This research observed about the structure of Dermaptera insects community on oil palm trees. This research is aimed to study about the structure of the community and the abundance of each species of Dermaptera on oil palm trees. The research is conducted in three places, they are Nagari Gunung Selasih, Sungai Dareh and IV Koto. The research is conducted using hand collecting method once a month. It is operated two times in October and November 2017. Result shows that there are four species of Dermaptera found in the three places, they are Chelisoches morio, Doru aculeatum, Euborellia arcanum and Vostox apicedentatus. The most common species found is C. morio. It is also found that the structure of Dermaptera is not complex because it’s unevenness and has a low biodiversity value. 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aprila, M., Rover, R., & Efendi, S. 2019. Diversitas Coccinellidae Predator Pada Ekosistem Pertanaman Cabai di Tiga Kecamatan Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi. Jurnal Agronomi Tanaman Tropika (Juatika), 1(1), 32–41. https://doi.org/10.36378/juatika.v1i1.35

Asih, U. S., Yaherwandi, Y., & Efendi, S. 2021. Keanekaragaman laba-laba pada perkebunan kelapa sawit yang berbatasan dengan hutan. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia, 18(2), 115–126. https://doi.org/10.5994/jei.18.2.115

Borror DJ. Triplehorn CA & Johnson NF. 1996. Pengenalan Pelajaran Serangga Edisi Keenam. Partosoedjono S, penerjemah; Brotowidjoyo MD, editor. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press. Terjemahan dari: An Introduction to The Study of Insects.

Burr M. 1910. The Fauna of British India: Dermaptera. London: Fleet Street.

Diratika, M., Yaherwandi, & Efendi, S. 2020. Kelimpahan Kepik Predator ( Hemiptera : Reduviidae ) Ulat Api Pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Rakyat. Penelitian Pertanian Terapan, 20(1), 1–10.

Efendi, S. 2017. Studi preferensi dan tanggap fungsional Menochilus sexmaculatus dan Coccinella transversalis pada beberapa mangsa yang berbeda. December 2016. https://doi.org/10.13057/psnmbi/m020201

Efendi, S., Yaherwandi, & Nelly, N. 2017. Analisis Keanekaragaman Coccinellidae Predator Dan Kutu Daun (Aphididae spp) Pada Ekosistem Pertanaman Cabai Di Sumatera Barat. Jurnal BiBieT, 1(2), 67–80. https://doi.org/10.22216/jbbt.v1i2.1697

Efendi, S., Yaherwandi, Y., & Nelly, N. 2018. Biologi dan Statistik Demografi Coccinella transversalis Thunberg (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), Predator Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae). Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, 22(1), 91. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.28409

Elzinga RJ. 2004. Fundamentals of Entomology 6th Edition. New Jersey: Perason Education Inc. Engel M, Haas F. 2007. Family-group names for earwigs (Dermaptera). American Museum Novitate: New York.

Febriani, Yusniwati, & Efendi, S. 2020. Inventarisasi Hama Kelapa Sawit ( Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.) Pada Daerah Endemik Serangan Di Kabupaten Dharmasraya. Agrifor, 19(1), 1–10. Haas F, Kukalova-Peck J. 2001. Dermaptera hindwing structure and folding: new evidence for familial, ordinal, and superordinal relationships with Neoptera (insect). Eur J Entomol 98:445-509.

Haas F, Matzke D. 2005. Schizoproreus vulcanus, a new species of earwig (Dermaptera: Chelisochidae) from Sulawesi and a checklist of Sulawesian Dermaptera. Entomol Zeitschrift 115:1-4.

Hakiki, A. F., Yaherwandi, & Efendi, S. (2020). Serangga Predator dan Parasitoid di Daerah Endemik Serangan Ulat Api Pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Rakyat. Jurnal Agrin, 24(1), 23–37.

Kalshoven, L. G. E. 1981. The Pest of Crop in Indonesia. Revised by Van der Laan. PT. Ictiar Baru Van Hoeve: Jakarta.

Kocarek, P. 2011. Dermaptera of Iran With Description of Euborellia angustata sp.

nov. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 51: 381–390

Krebs. 1978. Ecology. The Experimenral Analysis of Distribution and Abudance. Trhid Edition Harper and Row Distribution: New York.

Krebs. 1989. Ecological Methodology. New York: Harper and Row.

Mourir, H., 1986. Notes on the life history of Labia minor (L.) (Dermaptera), a potential predator of housefly eggs and larvae (Diptera, Musca domestica L.).Entomol Medd 53:143–148.

Nurindah & O.S Bindra. 1988. Insect on Biologi Control of Cotton Pest. In Dust Crops R.

Prabowo, S., Yaherwandi, & Efendi, S. 2020. Keragaman Serangga Pengunjung Bunga Kelapa Sawit. Jurnal Bioconcetta, 6(1), 27–40.

Pracaya. 2007. Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Rioardi. 2009. Ordo-Ordo Serangga.http://rioardi.word[diakses tanggal 11 April 2017]

Romarta, R., Yaherwandi, & Efendi, S. 2020. Keanekaragaman Semut Musuh Alami ( Hymenoptera : Formicidae ) pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Rakyat di Kecamatan Timpeh Kabupaten Dharmasraya. Agrikultura, 31(1), 42–51.

Sakai. 1996. Notes on contemporary classification of Dermaptera and recent references on Dermaptera. Dalam: S. Sakai, editor. Taxonomy of Dermaptera.Proceedings of 20th Congress of Entomology; Firenze, Italy. Hlm 1-10.

Safitri, D., Yaherwandi, Y., & Efendi, S. 2020. Keanekaragaman serangga herbivora pada ekosistem perkebunan kelapa sawit rakyat di kecamatan sitiung kabupaten dharmasraya. Menara Ilmu, 14(01), 19–28.

Solin, D., Maira, L., & Efendi, S. 2019. Kelimpahan Populasi dan Frekuensi Kunjungan serta Efektivitas Elaeidobius kamerunicus Faust pada Beberapa Varietas Kelapa Sawit. Jurnal Biologi Makasar, 4(2), 160–172. http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/bioma/article/view/8532.

Yenti, N., Juniarti, & Efendi, S. 2020. Pengaruh Penggunaan Lahan Kakao Yang Diintegrasikan Dengan Kelapa Sawit Terhadap Keanekaragaman Serangga Predator Dan Parasitoid. Journal of Socio Economics on Tropical Agriculture, 2(1), 44–53. https://doi.org/10.25077/joseta.v2i1.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36987/agroplasma.v10i1.3494

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Agroplasma

Program Studi Agroteknologi
Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi Universitas Labuhanbatu
JL. SM. Raja No. 126-A Km. 3,5 Aek Tapa Telp./Fax. (0624) 21901 Rantauprapat Kab. Labuhanbatu – Sumatera Utara Pos. 21415
Email : agroplasma@ulb.ac.id

Creative Commons License

All publications by Jurnal Agroplasma [p-ISSN: 2303-2944] [E-ISSN:2715-033X] is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.