PERMASALAHAN DAN STRATEGI PEMECAHAN MASALAH NELAYAN TRADISIONAL KELURAHAN BAGAN DELI KECAMATAN MEDAN BELAWAN KOTA MEDAN PROPINSI SUMATERA UTARA

Dr. Kusbianto, John Simon, Irwanmay Irwanmay

Abstract


Fishermen are used to be in poverty or otherwise, that relates to them called the poorest of the poor. Indonesia is a maritime country whose about two-thirds of the total sea area with a full coastline length is 99,093 km. It classifies the traditional fishermen as a group of people in poverty with a height level of reliance on fishery resources. The study started in Bagan Deli Village, Medan Belawan District, Medan City, North Sumatra Province. This research aims to find the issues that exist in them and resolving for them. The study uses a survey method with interview techniques. The fishermen of the respondents determine by the purposive method by the number of 43 people. Data analyzed in the Likert scale, which is to measures the perceptions, attitudes, and opinions by the respondents about an occurrence or their social phenomenon in Bagan Deli that keep in a questionnaire form. The results show that 13 questions ask respondents that defines all agreed, except for the questionnaire statements number 13 and 4 are Strongly Agree. Statement number 13 is ‘Do you agree if a fishery product processing in business group establishes in the Bagan Deli fishing environment?’ That is the highest-ranking with a total weight of 145, and the result is a score of 84.30% with an interpretation of the score Very Strong (Strongly Agree). The questionnaire for number 4 is 'Does environmental pollution cause a decrease in fishing and other types of fishing?', the second-highest-ranking with a total weight of 138. And the result is 80.23% with an interpretation of the score Very Strong (Very Agree).

Keyword : Problems, Strategies, Traditional Fishermen


Full Text:

PDF

References


Al - Kautsar, M. R., Kajian Potensi Hutan Mangrove Untuk Pembangunan Ekowisata Di Kelurahan Belawan Sicanang Kecamatan Medan Belawan Propinsi Sumatera Utara.

Ali Imron HS, 2012. Strategi dan Usaha Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Hidup Nelayan Tanggulsari Mangunharjo Tugu Semarang Dalam Menghadapi Perubahan Iklim. Jurnal Riptek Vol. 6 No. 1, Tahun 2012.

BIG, 2013. Nasional Geographic Indonesia. Terbaru Panjang Garis Pantai Indonesia Capai 99.000 km. TGl. 21 – 10 – 2013.

BPS, 2020. Hasil Survei Pertanian Antarsesus 2018. Jakarta.

BPS, 2019. Kota Medan Dalam Angka 2019.

BPS, 2017. Kecamatan Medan Belawan Dalam Angka 2017.

Br. Sebayang, dkk., 2015. Modal Sosial Kelompok Nelayan Di Kelurahan Bagan Deli (Studi Kasus Berkah Bahari Di Lingkungan III) Kecamatan Medan Belawan Kota Medan Propinsi Sumatera Utara. Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru.

Ferry J. Julianto dan Aris Munandar, 2016. Fenomena Kemiskinan Nelayan: Perspektif Teori Strukturisasi. Jurnal Kajian Politik Dan Masalah Pembangunan. Jurnal Politik /1856/Vol.12 No.02. 2016.

Ginting, S. P, dkk., 2015. Annual Outcome Survey. Dirjen Pengelolaan Ruang Laut. KKP, Jakarta.

___________________ . Result and Impact Management System (RIMS). Dirjen Pengelolaan Ruang Laut. KKP, Jakarta.

JICA, 2010. Technical Assistance To Small Medium Enterprises In Indonesia Fish And Shrimp Industry. Jakarta.

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan, 2018. Statistic of Marine and Coastal Resources Tahun 2012 – 2016.

Keputusan GUBSU, 2004. Tentang Rencana Strategis Pengelolaan Wilayah Pesisir dan Laut Propinsi Sumatera Utara Tahun 2005 – 2010. Nomor 136 / 3240. K.

Nugraha, 2007. Penuntun Ukuran Sampel Memakai Rumus Slovin Dan Krejcie Morgan: Telaah Konsep dan Aplikasi. Disampaikan pada diskusi ilmiah jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Fakultas Peternakan Unpad, Bandung.

Sufi Ali Jakfar, 2019. Strategi Pemberdayaan dan Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Nelayan Pada MAsyarakat Pesisir Kecamatan Muara Batu Lhokseumawe. ISBN: 978 – 602 – 464 – 075 – 0. UNIMAL PRESS.

Sari, W. I., 2018. Analisis Sosial Dan Ekonomi Nelayan Gillnet Di Desa Bogak Kecamatan Tanjung Tiram Kabupaten Batubara Propinsi Sumatera Utara.

Sugiyono, 2016. Statistik Untuk Penelitian. Edisi Baru, Penerbit Alfabeta, Bandung.

Sudijono, Anas., 2011. Pengantar Statistik Pendidikan. Penerbit PT RajaGrafindo Persada, Jakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36987/jiad.v9i1.1953

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This journal is also a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics. 

 

Lisensi Creative Commons

All publications by Jurnal Ilmiah Advokasi [p-ISSN: 2337-7216] [E-ISSN: 2620-6625] is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY - NC - SA 4.0)