The Attack Rate of Pocket Caterpillar (Metisa plana) And How To Control It on Oil Palm (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) Plantation At PT Umada Pernantian “Aâ€, North of Labuhanbatu Regency

Ricardo Siallagan, Widya Lestari, Dini Hariyati Adam

Abstract


Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis jacq.), is a vegetable oil-producing plant, which cannot be separated from the attack of caterpillars that eat oil palm leaves which can cause a decrease in plant production. The purpose of this study was to determine the attack rate of bagworm (Metisa plana) and how to control it, on each oil palm plant block at PT. Umada Pernantian "A", Kec. Marbau, North Labuhan Batu Regency. The method used in this research is descriptive method by collecting primary data and secondary data. Primary data is the result of observations in the field with a pest census using a descriptive method. Secondary data is data from the previous pest census in the company. The highest attack rate of Metisa plana was found in block I and block II with an incidence of 18% in block I and 8% in block II, the number of pests in block I was 27,336, and 18,480 in block II, which was >5 tails / midrib with weight category. The lowest Metisa plana attack rate was found in block III and block V where the percentage of bagworm attacks in block III: 0.08% and in block V: 0.11%, the number of pests in block III: 23 tails and block V: 26 tails, with an attack rate of <2 bagworms per midrib. After chemical control was carried out in blocks I and II, the percentage of attacks in block I: 0.43% and block II: 0.34%, the number of pests in block I: 100 and 70 in block II, the attack rate in block I and II were being <2 tails/midrib in the light category

Keywords


kelapa sawit, ulat kantong (Metisa plana), pengendalian ulat kantong

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adi, T., Destryani, N., Pratondo, P., Firdausyah, A., & Umami, M. (2020). Pemanfaatan semut rangrang ( Oecophylla smaragdina ) berbasis indigenous knowledge sebagai upaya konservasi berkelanjutan. Program Studi Tadris IPA Biologi, FITK, 5, 127–133.

Agustina, N. A. (2021). Tingkat serangan hama ulat api. Jurnal Ilmiah Rhizobia, 3(1), 50–57.

Darmawan, U., Agency, D., Triwidodo, H., Hidayat, P., & Haneda, N. F. (2020). Spesies Ulat Kantong Dan Musuh Alaminya Yang Berasosiasi Dengan Tanaman Sengon (Falcataria moluccana (Miq.). Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman, 17(2), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.20886/jpht.2020.17.1.1-13

Defitri, Y., Nengsih, Y., & Saputra, H. (2017). Intensitas Serangan Hama Ulat Api (Setothosea asigna) Pada Tanaman Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis. Jacq) di Kecamatan Tebo Tengah Kabupaten Tebo. Jurnal Media Pertanian, 2(1), 16. https://doi.org/10.33087/jagro.v2i1.23

Kok, C. C., Eng, O. K., Razak, A. R., & Arshad, A. M. (2011). Microstructure and life cycle of metisa plana walker (Lepidoptera: Psychidae). Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 6(1), 51–59.

Marjan Sinaga, Syahrial Oemry, L. (2015). Efektifitas Beberapa Teknik Pengendalian Setothosea Asigna Pada Fase Vegetatif Kelapa Sawit Di Rumah Kaca, Jurnal Online Agroekoteaknologi. 3(2), 634–641.

Muliani, S., Ridwan, A., & Saputra, J. (2017). Jurnal ilmiah budidaya dan pengelolaan tanaman perkebunan AgroPlantae. 6(1), 29–33.

Nurhasnita, F., Yaherwandi, F., & Efendi, S. (2020). Survei Hama Pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Rakyat di Kecamatan Sembilan Koto Kabupaten Dharmasraya. Agriprima : Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences, 4(1), 6–17. https://doi.org/10.25047/agriprima.v4i1.347

Pangaribuan Ronaldo, M. L. (2015). Tingkat Serangan Ulat Kantung Cremastopsyche pendula Joannis pada Tanaman Kelapa Sawit Menghasikan dan Belum Menghasilkan di Rambong Sialang Estate PTPP. London Sumatera Indonesia. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi FP USU, 5(118), 922–931.

Purba, J. H. V, & Sipayung, T. (2017). Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Indonesia dalam Perspektif Pembangunan Berkelanjutan. Jurnal Masyarakat Indonesia, 43(1), 81–94. http://jmi.ipsk.lipi.go.id/index.php/jmiipsk/article/view/717/521

Rhainds, M., Canada, N. R., & Sadof, C. (2009). Control of Bagworms ( Lepidoptera : Psychidae ) Using Contact and Soil-Applied Systemic Insecticides Control of Bagworms ( Lepidoptera : Psychidae ) Using Contact and Soil-Applied Systemic Insecticides. Horticultural Entomology, 102(2), 1165–1169. https://doi.org/10.1603/029.102.0339

Sahari, B., Buchori, D., Manuwoto, S., & Nurmansyah, A. (2019). Pattern of Lepidopteran pest community attacking oil palms and their associated hymenopteran parasitoid. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 325(1), 432–439. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/325/1/012010

Sahid, A., Natawigena, W. D., & Santosa, E. (2016). Biologi dan Perilaku Kawin Sycanus annulicornis Dohrn . ( Hemiptera : Reduvidae ) yang diberi Pakan Larva Tenebrio molitor L . ( Coleoptera : Tenebrionidae ). Prosiding Biology Education Conference Universitas Sebelas Maret, 13(1), 587–592.

Sankaran, B. T., & Syed, R. A. (1972). The Natural Enemies Of Bagworms On Oil Palms In Sabah , East Malaysia. 14(2), 57–71.

Saragih, H. J., & Afrianti, S. (2021). Tingkat serangan hama ulat kantung (mahasena corbetti) pada areal tanaman menghasilkan (tm) kelapa sawit Pt. Indo Sepadan Jaya. Jurnal Pertanian Berkelanjutan, 9(2), 88–93.

Syahputra, D U. (2016). Dimas Utama Syahputra. Intensitas Serangan Ulat Kantong (Metisa Plana Walker) Terhadap Umur Tanaman Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.) PT. Bahruny Group, 4(1), 1–23.

Sembiring, N., Tarigan, U. M., & Lisnawita. (2013). Tingkat serangan ulat kantong Metisa plana Walker (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) di Kebun Matapao PT. Socfin Indonesia. Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi, 1(3), 362–373.

Sudarsono, H., Purnomo, P., & Hariri, A. M. (2011). Population Assessment and Appropriate Spraying Technique to Control The Bagworm (Metisa plana Walker) in North Sumatra And Lampung. AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science, 33(2), 188–198. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.3112.5122

SUYANTO. (2015). Strategi Cooperative Learning Model Jigsaw Dalam Pembelajaran IPS di Kelas IX MTS Negeri Ketapang. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran. http://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jpdpb/article/view/11346

Turnip, K. N. T. T. (2021). Inventarisasi Jenis Hama Dan Cara Pengendaliannya Di Pembibitan Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) PT. Perkebunan Nusantara IV Dolok Sinumbah. Biologica Samudra, 3(1), 87–93. https://doi.org/10.33059/jbs.v3i1.2414

Wahid, A. (2010). Efikasi Bioinsektisida Dan Kombinasinya Pada Bibit Mangrove Rhizophora spp . Di Persemaian. J. Agroland, 17(2), 162–168.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36987/jpbn.v8i2.2686

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Ricardo Siallagan, Widya Lestari, Dini Hariyati Adam

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 






Jurnal Pembelajaran dan Biologi Nukleus (JPBN) by LPPM Universitas Labuhanbatu is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY - NC - SA 4.0)