Quality of Effective Microorganisms-based Liquid Fertilizer from Fermented Papaya Fruits (Carica papaya L.)

Wilander Simarmata, Yurnaliza Yurnaliza, Isnaini Nurwahyuni

Abstract


Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is one of the most popular fruits in the community and is generally only used as an ingredient for consumption in a fresh state. Papaya fruit production tends to be dynamic where sometimes the abundant amount of fruit may not necessarily be marketed directly. This causes the stock of papaya fruit during storage to rot and cannot be reused. This study aims to explore the potential of ripe papaya fruit to be processed as a substrate for the manufacture of liquid fertilizer using local microorganisms or effective microorganisms (EM). The quality of EM-based liquid fertilizer was determined based on the bacterial population density (CFU/mL) using the standard plate count (SPC) method on different growth media, then the levels of IAA and NPK in the applied fermented papaya fruit. The results showed the occurrence of nitrogen fixing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and chitinolytic bacteria besides the cosmopolite bacteria. The optimum level of IAA in the fermented papaya fruit was EM + molasses (100%) while the NPK profile was still higher in the EM treatment without molasses.

Keywords


Auksin (IAA), Carica papaya L., mikroorganisme lokal (MOL), NPK.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bachtiar, R. A., Rifki, M., Nurhayat, Y. R., Wulandari, S., Kutsiadi, R. A., Hanifa, A., & Cahyadi, M. (2018). Komposisi unsur hara kompos yang dibuat dengan bantuan agen dekomposer limbah bioetanol pada level yang berbeda. Sains Peternakan, 16(2), 63–68. https://doi.org/10.20961/sainspet.v16i2.23176

Bhattacharyya, P. N., & Jha, D. K. (2012). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR): emergence in agriculture. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 28(4), 1327–1350. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-011-0979-9

Hadi, R. A. (2019). Pemanfaatan MOL (Mikroorganisme Lokal) dari materi yang tersedia di sekitar lingkungan. Agroscience, 9(1), 93–104. https://doi.org/10.35194/agsci.v9i1.637

Idham, Sudiarso, Aini, N., & Nuraini, Y. (2016). Isolation and identification on microorganism decomposers of Palu local cow manure of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 3(4), 625–629. https://doi.org

/10.15243/jdmlm.2016.034.625

Jumadi, O., Liawati, & Hartono. (2015). Produksi zat pengatur tumbuh (Indole acetic acid) dan kemampuan pelarutan fosfat pada isolat bakteri penambat nitrogen asal Kabupaten Takalar. Bionature, 16(1), 43–48. https://doi.org/10.35580/bionature.v16i1.1568

Liu, K., Yuan, C., Li, H., Chen, K., Lu, L., Shen, C., & Zheng, X. (2018). A qualitative proteome-wide lysine crotonylation profiling of papaya (Carica papaya L.). Scientific Reports, 8(1), 8230. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26676-y

Rani, I. M., Lestari, P. R., Rahmayani, D. E., Asan, M., & Astriani, M. (2017). Uji bakteri pelarut fosfat dan penghasil IAA pada MOL buah bintaro (Cerbera manghas L.). Jurnal Florea, 4(2), 11–21.

Ryan, I., & Doo, B. (2021). Pengaruh pemberian pupuk MOL buah pepaya (Carica papaya L.) dengan dosis yang berbeda terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kacang tanah (Arachis hypogeae L.) di Kelurahan Bumi Wonorejo Distrik Nabire. Jurnal

FAPERTANAK: Jurnal Pertanian Dan Peternakan, 6(1), 1–11.

Safitri, R. N., Shovitri, M., & Hidayat, A. (2018). Potensi bakteri koleksi sebagai biofertilizer. Jurnal Sains Dan Seni ITS, 7(2), 2337–2520. https://doi.org/10.12962/j23373520.v7i2.37137

Sari, C. M., & Karnilawati. (2020). Uji efektivitas MOL buah pepaya dan nasa cair terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman terung (Solanum melongena L.). In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biotik 2020 (pp. 242–256). Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry.

Setiawati, M. R., Damayanti, M., Herdiyantoro, D., Suryatmana,

P., & Khumairah, F. H. (2017). Uji formulasi pupuk hayati berbasis Azolla terhadap populasi dan fungsional mikroba tanah menguntungkan. Soilrens, 15(2), 21–25.

Spaepen, S., Vanderleyden, J., & Remans, R. (2007). Indole-3-acetic acid in microbial and microorganism-plant signaling. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 31(4), 425–448. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6976.2007.00072.x

Torres-Rubio, M. G., Valencia-Plata, S. A., Bernal-Castillo, J., & Martinez-Nieto, P. (2000). Isolation of Enterobacteria, Azotobacter sp. and Pseudomonas sp., producers of indole-3 acetic acid and siderophores, from Colombian rize rhizosphere. Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiologia, 42, 171–176.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36987/jpbn.v8i2.2733

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Wilander Simarmata, Yurnaliza Yurnaliza, Isnaini Nurwahyuni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 






Jurnal Pembelajaran dan Biologi Nukleus (JPBN) by LPPM Universitas Labuhanbatu is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY - NC - SA 4.0)