Exploration Characteristics of Trichomes Shading Plant at Melati Bungur Park Malang City

Eko Cahyono, Iin Hindun, Abdulkadir Rahardjanto, Endrik Nurrohman

Abstract


Trichomes are structures that cover the surface of plants with hair-like structures and are found in a large number of plants with either unicellular or multicellular forms. Trichomes are one of the important elements in plants, because their presence can be used to identify species based on their appearance, size, type, and content of compounds in them and protect the environment from various kinds of pollutants. Road shade plants are plants planted on the side of the road that function in absorbing pollutants. The purpose of the study was to explore the type, shape, size of trichomes of road shade plants in Malang City. Qualitative descriptive research method. The research was conducted at the Biology Laboratory of the University of Muhammadiyah Malang. The study was conducted in July 2021 using a sample of 4 species of leaf organ plants for the road shade Melati Bungur park Malang City. The results showed that Bauhinia purpurea L found non-glandular trichomes, simple unicellular shape, 159µm long and 13.7µm diameter. Erythrina crista-galli L, a type of non-glandular trichome, simple unicellular form, 240µm long, and 26.9µm in diameter. Tabebuia aurea (Manso) Benth type of non-glandular trichomes, scales, diameter 76.9µm. Two types of trichomes were found in Muntingia calabura L, non-glandular with a star shape, 163µm long, and 5.7µm in diameter. The capitate glandular trichomes are 22µm long and 108µm in diameter, while the peltate trichomes are 15.4µm in diameter.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Agustin, M.T. (2008). Pengaruh Emisi Kendaraan Bermotor Terhadap Kerapatan Trikoma Pada Daun Angsana (Prterocarpus Indicus Willd) Sebagai Tanaman Pelindung Jalan. Digital repository Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Ajuru, M. G., Felicia, W. N., & Chimamkpa, W.W. (2018). Leaf Epidermal Characteristicsof Melons in the Family Cucurbitaceae Juss. In Nigeria. Agricultural and Bionutritional Research. 2 : 5-10

Anam, M.K. (2019). Karakteristik Trikoma Tumbuhan Waru (Talipariti tiliaceum) Pada Ketinggian Tempat Berbeda di Kabupaten Jember Sebagai Buku Ilmiah Populer. Digital repository Universitas Jember.

Annie N Hutagalung, Delvian, Deni Elfiati. (2016). Analisis Kualitas Pohon di 5 Jalur Kota Pematangsianta. Jurnal Teodolita. 8(2): 1-9

Arisanti, A., Munandar, A.,Prawitasari, T. (2010). Adaptasi Anatomis Pohon Roof Garden (Studi Kasus: Kondominium Taman Anggrek, Jakarta). Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia 2 (2): 69-75

Benyamin Lakitan. (2004). Dasar-dasar Fisiologi Tumbuhan. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta

Dasti, A. A., T. Z. Bokhari., S. A. Malik., dan R. Akhtar. (2003). Epidermal Morphology in Some Members of Family Boraginaceae in Baluchistan. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences., 2 (1): 42-47.

Dewi, V.P., Iin., Sri, W. (2015). Studi Trikoma Daun Pada Famili Solanaceae Sebagai Sumber Belajar Biologi. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia. 1(2): 209-218

Dorly, Ratih K. N., Suryantari N. K., Fawzia, L. R. A. (2016). Studi Anatomi Daun dari Tiga Anggota Suku Malvaceae di Kawasan Waduk Jatiluhur. Proceeding Biology Education Conference 13(1): 611-618

Fajri, L. (2013). Tipe Trikoma dan Stomata Pada Beberapa Species Hyptis (Labiatae). Eksakta. 1 (14) : 65-66

Fridman E, Wang J, Iijima Y, Froehlich JE, Gang DR, Ohlrogge J, Pichersky E. (2005). Metabolic, genomic, and biochemical analyses of glandular trichomes from the wild tomato species Lycopersicon hirsutum identify a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of methylketones. Plant Cell 17: 1252–1267.

Glas JJ, Schimmel BC, Alba JM, Escobar-Bravo R, Schuurink RC, Kant MR. (2012). Plant glandular trichomes as targets for breeding or engineering of resistance to herbivores. Int J Mol Sci 13: 17077–17103

Hidayat, E. B. (1994). Morfologi Tumbuhan. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi Proyek Pendidikan Tenaga Akademik.

Hidayat, Zul. (2013). Tipe Trikoma dan Stomata Pada Daun dari Beberapa Species Hibiscus (Malvaceae). Eksakta. 1(14) : 77-82

Huang SS, Kirchoff BK, Liao JP. (2008). The capitate and peltate glandular trichomes of Lavandula pinnata L. (Lamiaceae): histochemistry, ultrastructure, and secretion. J Torrey Bot Soc. 135: 155-167

Iwamoto, M., C. Horikawa, M. Shikata, N. Wasaka, T. Kato, and H. Sato. (2014). Stinging hairs on the Japanese nettle Urtica thunbergiana have a defensive function against mammalian but not insect herbivores. Ecological Research. 29: 455–462

Kroumova AB, Wagner GJ. (2003). Different elongation pathways in the biosynthesis of acyl groups of trichome exudate sugar esters from various solanaceous plants. Planta 216: 1013–1021

Lestari, E.G. (2005). Hubungan Antara Kerapatan Stomata Dengan Ketahanan Kekeringan Pada Somaklon Padi Gajahmungkur, Tuwoti Dan IR 64. Jurnal Biodevirsitas Balai Besar Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi Dan Sumberdaya Genetik Pertanian. Bogor. 7: 44-48

Mulyani, S. (2017). Anatomi Tumbuhan. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius (Anggota IKAPI)

Ratnasih, Ade S.M. (2014). Karakteristik Trikoma Daun Beberapa Spesies Famili Annonaceae Dan Hubungannya Dengan Kandungan Antioksidan. Skripsi. Fakultas Sains Dan Teknologi. UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

Rosanti, Dewi. (2016). Morfologi Tumbuhan. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sofiyanti, N., Isda. M.N. (2018). Kajian Morfologi dan Mikromorfologi (Sisik serta Trikoma) 4 Jenis Pyrrosia Mirb. (Polypodiaceae) Di Provinsi Riau. Jurnal Biologis Tropis. 18 (2): 174-181.

Suharsono, Sari.,K.P. (2010). Hubungan Kerapatan Trikoma dengan Intensitas Serangan Penggerak Tanaman Polong Kedelai. Malang. Diterbitkan di Buletin Palawija 20: 80-83

Suradinata, T. S. (1998). Struktur Tumbuhan. Bandung: Angkasa

Tjitrosoepomo, Gembong. (2015). Morfologi Tumbuhan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press

Udlwi’ah, Binti. (2015). Struktur dan Distribusi Trikoma Tumbuhan Marga Nymphaea Di Kediri. FKIP-Pendidikan Biologi Universitas PGRI Kediri. 6-10

Wagner, G. J., Wang, E., Shepherd, R. W. et al,. (2004) New approaches for studying and exploiting an old protuberance, the plant trichome, Annals of Botany. 93: 3-11

Wardhani, H.A.K. (2019). Studi Anatomi Trikoma Daun Pada Famili Solanaceae Dan Cucurbitaceae. Jurnal Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan. 3(2): 78-81

Werker, E. (2006). Trichome diversity and development. Adv Bot Res. 31 : 2-10.

Yuliana. H., Karyati, M.S. (2021). Kandungan Polutan Daun Pada Pohon-Pohon Di Arboretum UPT LSHK Universitas Mulawarman. Jurnal Penelitian Ekosistem Dipterokarpa 7 (1): 1-10




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36987/jpbn.v8i2.2910

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Eko Cahyono, Iin Hindun, Abdulkadir Rahardjanto, Endrik Nurrohman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 






Jurnal Pembelajaran dan Biologi Nukleus (JPBN) by LPPM Universitas Labuhanbatu is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY - NC - SA 4.0)